The Romans arrived in the area of Lothian some 1,000 years ago, discovering Celts who had been in the area for approximately 300 years. The Celts battled and tussled with the Northumbrians from south of the border during this period and for much of the time, the area known as ‘Etin’, to the Celts, was either under the control, or influence, of Northumbria. The Scots regained control of the area approximately 50 years before the arrival of the Romans, but not before the period of Anglo-Saxon rule and influence had modified the name to Etinburgh, or Eidynburgh.
Royal Burgh Of Edinburgh
Between the 12th and 16th centuries, Edinburgh developed into a Royal Borough and enjoyed a sustained period of economic growth and cultural development throughout the renaissance. During the 16th century the Scots built a wall, named the Flodden Wall, surrounding Edinburgh, which still defines the city boundaries today, largely as protection against English invasion. As the city continued to grow into the 17th century, and with land becoming sparse within the boundaries of the walled city, buildings began to climb ever taller. Some buildings reached 15 stories – a skyscraper of the day.
By 1707, the Acts of Union were passed by the Parliaments of Scotland and England, bringing the two kingdoms together into the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Modern day city centre Edinburgh is essentially made up of two interesting, yet very different, parts: New Town and Old Town – both of which achieved UNESCO World Heritage Site status in the mid 90′s, making Edinburgh one of the most popular travel destinations in Europe.
The stunning Georgian architectural marvel of the New Town is today a lesson, to modern town planners, in layout and organisation: the modern grid-like city was born in this part of Edinburgh and has since been copied in most of the world’s greatest modern cities. The historic Old Town displays an array of more loosely organised medieval architecture, remnant of a time when bureaucracy was less prevalent. The allure of both areas is compelling and it is difficult not to be absorbed into a world of proud Scottish heritage and warm hospitality.
Navigating the city on foot or on one of the various tour-operator open top buses is the best way to absorb and appreciate the engaging architecture; more than 20% of buildings in Edinburgh are located in conservation areas – the highest of any city in the United Kingdom.
Claire burns works in Edinburgh as a wedding reception organiser and believes Edinburgh is one